Based on Chapter 7 of ModernDive. Code for Quiz 11.

- Load the R package we will use.

- Quiz questions

Replace all the instances of ‘SEE QUIZ’. These are inputs from your moodle quiz.

Replace all the instances of ‘???’. These are answers on your moodle quiz.

Run all the individual code chunks to make sure the answers in this file correspond with your quiz answers

After you check all your code chunks run then you can knit it. It won’t knit until the ??? are replaced

The quiz assumes that you have watched the videos and worked through the examples in Chapter 7 of ModernDive

7.2.4 in Modern Dive with different sample sizes and repetitions

Make sure you have installed and loaded the tidyverse and the moderndive packages

Fill in the blanks

Put the command you use in the Rchunks in your Rmd file for this quiz.

**Modify the code for comparing differnet sample sizes from the
virtual bowl**

**Segment 1: sample size = 28**

1.a) Take 1150 samples of size of 28 instead of 1000 replicates of
size 25 from the `bowl`

dataset. Assign the output to
virtual_samples_28

```
virtual_samples_28 <- bowl %>%
rep_sample_n(size = 28, reps = 1150)
```

1.b) Compute resulting 1150 replicates of proportion red

start with virtual_samples_28 THEN

group_by replicate THEN

create variable red equal to the sum of all the red balls

create variable prop_red equal to variable red / 28

Assign the output to virtual_prop_red_28

1.c) Plot distribution of virtual_prop_red_28 via a histogram

use labs to

label x axis = “Proportion of 28 balls that were red”

create title = “28”

```
ggplot(virtual_prop_red_28, aes(x = prop_red)) +
geom_histogram(binwidth = 0.05, boundary = 0.4, color = "white") +
labs(x = "Proportion of 28 balls that were red", title = "28")
```

**Segment 2: sample size= 53**

2.a) Take 1150 samples of size of 53 instead of 1000 replicates of size 50. Assign the output to virtual_samples_53

```
virtual_samples_53 <- bowl %>%
rep_sample_n(size = 53, reps = 1150)
```

2.b) Compute resulting 1150 replicates of proportion red

start with virtual_samples_53 THEN

group_by replicate THEN

create variable red equal to the sum of all the red balls

create variable prop_red equal to variable red / 53

Assign the output to virtual_prop_red_53

2.c) Plot distribution of virtual_prop_red_53 via a histogram

use labs to

label x axis = “Proportion of 53 balls that were red”

create title = “53”

```
ggplot(virtual_prop_red_53, aes(x = prop_red)) +
geom_histogram(binwidth = 0.05, boundary = 0.4, color = "white") +
labs(x = "Proportion of 53 balls that were red", title = "53")
```

**Segment 3: sample size= 118**

3.a) Take 1150 samples of size of 118 instead of 1000 replicates of size 50. Assign the output to virtual_samples_118

```
virtual_samples_118 <- bowl %>%
rep_sample_n(size = 118, reps = 1150)
```

3.b) Compute resulting 1150 replicates of proportion red

start with virtual_samples_118 THEN

group_by replicate THEN

create variable red equal to the sum of all the red balls

create variable prop_red equal to variable red / 118

Assign the output to virtual_prop_red_118

3.c) Plot distribution of virtual_prop_red_118 via a histogram

use labs to

label x axis = “Proportion of 118 balls that were red”

create title = “118”

```
ggplot(virtual_prop_red_118, aes(x = prop_red)) +
geom_histogram(binwidth = 0.05, boundary = 0.4, color = "white") +
labs(x = "Proportion of 118 balls that were red", title = "118")
```

Calculate the standard deviations for your three sets of 1150 values
of `prop_red`

using the `standard deviation`

**n=28**

**n=53**

**n=118**

The distribution with sample size, n = 118, has the smallest standard deviation (spread) around the estimated proportion of red balls.